Forest in India
The mighty land of India is not only famous for its culture, architecture, heritage but also for its jungle, forest and wild life. Indian has huge density of forest which gives a proper support to the Indian eco system. It is also the home to a large number of species. The forest of India can be classified into several types these are – Taiga type (consisting of pines, spruce, etc.) the mixed temperate forests with both coniferous and deciduous trees, the temperate forests, the sub tropical forests, the tropical forests, and the equatorial rainforests. But there are mainly six groups of forest in India these are – moist tropical, dry tropical, montane sub tropical, montane temperate, sub alpine, and alpine.
These forest has great relation with the surrounded atmosphere. The forest of different places are different and they mainly depend upon the climate, soil type, topography of the place.
The range of forest of India is very diverse. We can find here from the rain forest of Kerala in the South to the alpine pastures of Ladakh, from the desert of Rajasthan in the west to the evergreen forest in the North East. Actually forests are classified according to their composition and nature. Their surrounding environment and atmosphere throw a great impact on the forest and vice versa.
Mostly available forest in India are as follows :
Rainforest: These forest belong to the tropical wet climate group and characterized by high rainfall. They play the role of cooling the air. In fact it has a vital role in global climate system. It also supports a very broad array of animals, birds, reptiles etc. The North eastern part of India is famous for the rain forest. The rain forest stretch of Arunachal Pradesh is considered as one of the largest elephant zone in India, through which more than 2000 elephants migrate to Arunachal Pradesh every year.
Tropical Rain Forests in India: Tropical rain forest are the result of heavy rain forest. Plants like coffee, bananas, chocolate, mangoes papayas, sugar cane etc came from tropical rain forest. It is the oldest form of forest in India.
Temperate Deciduous forest : These type of forest are available in the area where there is around 100 to 200 cms annual rainfall. The deciduous is also divided into two category moist and dry. Except the western and north western region these type of forest can be found in all most all the part of India.
They are found on the lower slopes of the Siwalik hills from Jammu to the West Bengal in the east. These forest includes trees like sal and teak, mango, bamboo and rose wood. The dry deciduous forest are available in the Northern and Southern part of the India except in the North East. Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are home to dry deciduous forest, which include sandalwood, khair, mahua, mango, jackfruit, wattle, bamboo, semal, sisasm, arjun, sisam etc.
The Dry deciduous forests are found throughout the northern part of the country except in the Forest are irreplaceable and they provide shelter to many animals, reptiles, mammals, insects, birds and so many other things. The vast range of national park and wild life sanctuaries in India bear the witness of the rich lush green forest of India. For better crops and more rainfall more forest is always required. But now a days deforestation is one of the acute issue of global warming. So, the Government of India has a special measure for plantation of trees to cater this issue. Earth’s most largest productive ecosystem is forest and we should SAVE FOREST.
Forest is an eco system which consist of trees and it is an important element of environment. The different parts of India has different types of forest.
About the Author
The ABCs of the Caribbean Islands
This is a discussion on The ABCs of the Caribbean Islands within the Current Cruise Travel News forums, part of the category; Aol Travel. Has Just Posted the Following: Filed under: Beach Shira Levine, AOL Choosing an island getaway shouldn’t be dictated …